Post-traumatic stress syndrome is a disorder of anxiety. It is caused by a robust and violent experience combined with a threat to health or life and exceeds our cognitive capacity at the time.
What Is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTSD can also involve emotional trauma that lasts longer, for example, in childhood. On the physical side, the syndrome is the high level of adrenaline in the body, which prevents relaxation and blocks memory processing, and inhibits traumatic memories’ recurrence.
In the case of PTSD, three primary symptoms are most often mentioned. They may appear within a few weeks after the event. However, they can occur within the following months or even years (e.g., through a trigger with a similar emotional load). The most common symptoms indicating post-traumatic stress syndrome are:
- Flashbacks, i.e., continuous recurrence of memories of traumatic events, as well as nightmares.
- Intense fear felt near the place of the event or towards similar people, avoiding them.
- Physical symptoms, which you will read about below.
These circumstances should last for about a month to speak of the presence of PTSD. This syndrome may involve survivors:
– death of a loved one,
– diagnosis of severe disease (e.g., cancer),
– serious communication accident,
– natural disaster (earthquake, thunderstorms, tornadoes, fires),
– traumatic childhood,
– sexual violence,
– slavery during war or peace (e.g., terrorist attack).
Post-traumatic Stress Syndrome: Symptoms
There are three groups of post-traumatic stress syndrome symptoms:
- Experiencing trauma again through memories or returning nightmares.
- Avoiding places, people, and other things reminiscent of a traumatic event.
- Chronic physical symptoms, including hyperactivity, sleep problems, concentration, difficulty remembering, irritability, anger, fainting, excessive vigilance.
Depression and abuse of psychoactive substances can also be symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. Manic depression and several other diseases, such as obsessive-compulsive eating, may also occur. Some people with PTSD may have failed suicide attempts.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – don’t be ashamed to ask others for support.
PTSD can make you feel worse than others; you will avoid contact with your loved ones and friends. It is essential to stay in touch with life and people who care about you in this condition. You do not need to talk about trauma if you do not want to, but caring support and others’ company is essential for your recovery.
Get in touch with someone you can talk to, without being blunt, with someone who will listen when you want to speak, without judging, criticizing, or continuously distracting. This person can be the other half, a family member, a friend, or a professional therapist.
Although post-traumatic stress syndrome symptoms are almost the same in all people, their course may differ. An acute condition occurs when the symptoms listed above persist for no more than three months.
If the symptoms of PTSD persist for more than three months, you can speak of chronic post-traumatic stress disorder. We also distinguish PTSD with delayed onset and there are many types of PTSD. It is diagnosed when the symptoms occur after at least six months of latency, six months after the traumatic event. Although most people with PTSD resolve over time, some people with PTSD can persist for many years and develop into a permanent personality change.